NaV1.5 sodium channels allosterically regulate the NHE-1 exchanger and promote breast cancer cell invadopodial activity

Brisson L, Driffort V, Benoist L, Poet M, Counillon L, Antelmi E, Rubino R, Besson P, Labbal F, Chevalier S, Reshkin SJ, Gore J, Roger S.

J Cell Sci.
2 August 2013
The degradation of the extracellular matrix by cancer cells represents an essential step in metastatic progression and this is performed by cancer cell structures called invadopodia. NaV1.5 sodium channels are overexpressed in breast tumours and associated with metastatic occurrence. NaV1.5 activity was shown to enhance breast cancer cell invasiveness through perimembrane acidification and subsequent degradation of the extracellular matrix by cysteine cathepsins. Here, we showed that NaV1.5 was co-localised with NHE-1, and caveolin-1 in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells invadopodia, at sites of matrix remodelling. NHE-1, NaV1.5 and caveolin-1 co-immunoprecipitated, which indicated a close association between these proteins. The expression of NaV1.5 was responsible for the allosteric modulation of NHE-1 rendering it more active at intracellular pH range 6.4 to 7, thus potentially extruding more protons in the extracellular space. Furthermore, NaV1.5 increased Src kinase activity and the phosphorylation (Y421) of the actin-nucleation-promoting factor cortactin, controlled F-actin polymerization and the acquisition of an invasive morphology. Taken together, our study suggests that NaV1.5 is a central regulator of invadopodia formation and activity in breast cancer cells.